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2021陕西专升本英语非谓语动词怎么学(一)

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一、非谓语动词完成式的用法


非谓语动词(不定式、动名词和现在分词)的完成式主要表示发生在谓语动作之前的动作。做

题时要注意根据题干所提供的语境来推断这种先后关系。


如:

1. The storm left, _____a lot of damage to this area.

A. caused

B. to have caused

C. to cause

D. having caused

分析:答案选 D。因 The storm 与 cause 是主动关系,排除选项 A;不定式作状语,前面通常不用逗号,排除 B 和 C;因暴风雨给这个地区“造成损失”是在“结束”之前,所以用完成式。


2. More and more people are signing up for Yoga classes nowadays, _____ advantage of the health and relaxation benefits. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m

A. taking

B. taken

C. having taken

D. having been taken

分析:答案选 A。因 people 与 take advantage of 是主动关系,排除选项 B 和 D;take 不会发生在谓语 are signing up 之前,不用完成式,排除 C。


二、非谓语动词用作伴随状语


在通常情况下,表伴随情况的应用现在分词。


如:

1. “You can’t catch me!” Janet shouted, _____away.

A. run

B. running

C. to run

D. ran

分析:答案选 B。现在分词作伴随状语。


2. He glanced over at her, ______ that though she was tiny, she seemed very well put together.

A. noting

B. noted

C. to note

D. having noted

分析:答案选 A。因为 he 与 note 是主谓关系,且 note 与谓语动词 glanced 的动作同时发生,所以用现在分词的一般式作伴随状语。


3. Daddy didn’t mind what we were doing, as long as we were together, _____fun.

A. had

B. have

C. to have

D. having

分析:答案选 D。用现在分词表伴随情况。说明:有时过去分词也可表伴随(注意过去分词同时还表被动关系)

如:

He came in, followed by his wife.他走了进来,后面跟着他的妻子。


三、非谓语动词用作目的状语


在通常情况下,用作目的状语只能是不定式。


如:

1. “Can the project be finished as planned?”“Sure, _____it completed in time, we’

ll work two more hours a day.”

A. having got

B. to get

C. getting

D. get

分析:答案选 B。作目的状语只能用动词不定式。


2. ____ more about university courses, call (920) 746-3789.

A. To find out

B. Finding out

C. Find out

D. Having found out

分析:答案选 A。作目的状语要用动词不定式。


3. It was unbelievable that the fans waited outside the gym for three hours just _____a look at the sports stars.

A. had

B. having

C. to have

D. have

分析:答案选 C。“看看体育明星”是“在体育馆外等三个小时”的目的,作目的状语只能用动词不定式。


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